As I promised couple of weeks ago, here is part one of two part posts regarding disaster recovery in Windows Server 2008 R2 Active Directory environment. In part one, I will briefly explain new Windows Server Backup tool GUI and I will show you how to create system state backup using GUI and wbadmin CLI command. Both videos that are posted are in Croatian language.
First of all, WSB (Windows Server Backup) is not installed by default, so you will have to add it as a feature through Server Manager console. I recommend you to install command line support tools also. After that its a breeze! 🙂
WSB changed somewhat from Windows Server 2008 to R2. In R2, we regained ability to backup specific files and folders and to create system state backup through GUI. Also, now we can create backup in specific folder or on any disk (without needing to format it). Also, from GUI we can do “Bare metal recovery” backup and new type of backup, called “System Reserved”. Difference between “Full backup” and “Bare metal recovery” is that later one does not contain user data (files and so on). We can exclude certain files from backup and we can also configure VSS (Volume Shadow Copy Service) settings.
Be aware that backing up system state will produce file larger than 4 GB, since system state contains more than 70 000 files.http://blog.frankovic.net/Download/1_Windows_Backup_GUI.flv
Fastest and easies way to create system state backup is to use CLI and command line tool called wbadmin. You need to remember just three simple commands:
wbadmin start systemstatebackup -backupTarget:VolumeName
This command will backup system state to a volume defined in backupTarget parameter.If you create multiple system state backups, you will need to know which version to restore, so you will use:
wbadmin get versions
And after you remember or write down exact version, restore is done by using:
wbadmin start systemstaterecovery –version:backupversion -backupTarget:VolumeName
Examples of all three commands can be seen in video. For more information on wbadmin command line, you can visit wbadmin command reference on TechNet. It is very important to remember that only way to restore AD system state backup is to restart domain controller in AD services restore mode.http://blog.frankovic.net/Download/2_Windows_Backup_CLI.flv
In the next post, I will show you how to enable and use AD Recycle Bin in Windows Server 2008 R2 AD environment.