Pre-populate passwords on a RODC

by Marin Franković on 27 May, 2010

Yesterday I ran into a small problem with RODC. As we all know, RODC is a feature of Windows 2008 and later operating systems. After initial setup, RODC will replicate AD database to itself with the exception of a user and computer account passwords. This behavior can be modified by adding user accounts to a group called “Allowed RODC Password Replication Group” or by modifying properties of a RODC computer account in AD.

User and computer passwords will be replicated when user tries to authenticate to a RODC. But what if I wanted to pre-populate all user and computer passwords to RODC prior to their authentication attempt? You can do that by using AD on full read/write domain controller and by  modifying properties of a RODC computer account as you can see on picture below.

Prepopulate passwords on a RODC

Problem with this approach is that you can only do so for one account at a time. In other words, if you have 200 users that you want to pre-populate their passwords to RODC, you have to pre-populate their password one by one.

There is a workaround for this problem. We can use dsquery, dsget and repadmin commands to pre-populate user passwords to RODC even if they are members of a group. Here is a script that will do that:

For /F %%a in ('"dsquery group dc=contoso,dc=com –name 
Finance dsget group -members"’) do (Repadmin /rodcpwdrepl
BranchDC01 HQDC01 %%a)

Replace group, OU and domain names with your own. There is a single and then double quotation in front of “dsquery” and after “members”.

NOTE: Make sure you pre-populate computer account also if you want to be able to login in branch office if your connection to main office fails. RODC can not pre-populate more than 1500 passwords.

{ 3 comments… read them below or add one }

kababoom November 25, 2011 at 3:05

hi i get cannot find specific file error when i name the script in *.bat any advise


Marin Franković November 27, 2011 at 15:57

Hi kababoom,

I am looking into this problem.


i3laze January 10, 2012 at 13:53

Pitty default delimiter for FOR variables is “space”.
This one worked for me:
For /F “delims=\” %i in (‘”dsquery group -name *groupsearchstring* | dsget group -members”‘) do (Repadmin /rodcpwdrepl %COMPUTERNAME% %i)

P.S. Repadmin has a parameter /rodcpwdrepl when only launched from RODC.


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