Now that we have installed SCVMM 2008 R2 server, lets open administrator console and briefly explain all the panes that are available.
Administrator console should be located in Start – All Program– System Center folder. For quicker access I create a shortcut on the desktop or if you have Windows Vista or Windows 7 you can pin it to Start Menu or Taskbar (Windows 7 only).
Hosts is the first pane that you will see when you open Administrative console. In hosts pane you have an overview of all your physical hosts that you have added for management. Here you can group hosts by creating folders, for easier management. As you can see, I have one folder named Ilica and one host server in it. In central part of the console on its bottom you can see short information on the status of your selected host, its processor, memory available disk space and so on. Network settings and jobs status can be seen if you select one of two other tabs. Later on In the right side of the console there are several quick access options that will change as we change panes on the left side of the console. Later on, we will use Add host option.
Once we add hosts and create virtual machines on them, we can use Virtual machines pane to manage and configure them. Here you will see all your managed hosts and virtual machines that are on them. As you can see, we have one host and one virtual machine on it. On the left side, you can select host and in the middle you will see all virtual machines on that host. When you select one of the virtual machines, down bellow you can see short summary information about it. Modifying properties of virtual machines will be described in later posts. From this pane we can create new virtual machines, convert virtual machines or convert physical machines to virtual.
Library pane will allow us to add and modify content of the libraries and to add more Library servers. Library is a place where administrators will copy virtual machines, virtual machine templates, ISO images of software installations and even PowerShell scripts. Having all those resources in one place eases the management and creation of virtual machines. Basically, library is a share on local or remote server that hosts all this information. In some later posts I will show you how to add resources to Library and how to manage Library itself.
Every action that we as administrators take on SCVMM, hosts or virtual machines is a Job. Some jobs are simple while others are more complex, such as converting physical computer to virtual. All jobs can be seen in the Jobs pane. There we can check if the job has finished and what was the result of it. If there where problems, they will be described in lover pane of the console when you select failed job. Jobs can be sorted by status, owner or start date. Over time, there will be lots of jobs generated, so on the top of the Jobs pane there is a search box.
Last pane is Administration pane. Here you can see graphical overview of all hosts, virtual machines, Jobs and Library resources status. We can define some general SCVMM options, view all managed computers (hosts), configure networking options (define MAC address range for virtual network cards) and create new user roles. User roles can be administrative or what is more common, administrator use this to create Self-Service Portal user roles. More on this later on. Since SCVMM can be integrated with SCOM, we can configure those settings in System Center option. Last option is Virtualization Managers, where we can define what virtualization technologies we want to manage with this SCVMM server. Options are, Microsoft Hyper-V, Microsoft Virtual Server 2005 R2 SP1 and VMWare Virtualization manager.
Now that we are familiar with SCVMM administration interface, first thing that we have to do is to add hosts that will be managed with this SCVMM server. Return to Hosts pane and on the right side of it select Add host option.
Once the wizard is open, select what kind of server you want to add and enter required credential to connect to servers. I recommend creating domain user account and adding it to local administrators group of host servers via group policy (hint Restricted Groups).
Select what kind of hosts you want to search for. I selected both Virtual Server and Hyper-V. As you can see in the search results windows, wizard found several servers that can be managed. There are three Hyper-V servers and one Virtual Server server. Next, all we have to do is select desired server, one or more, click Add and then OK. Follow the wizard to the end, when SCVMM agent will be installed on selected servers. Bare in mind that account that we defined in the first step has to have local administrator rights on the host server. For practice and testing you can use domain administrator account which is not recommended for production.
Now, in the Host pane, you can see host servers that you selected during search phase in wizard. Before we add virtual machines to host servers, lets examine some of the properties of host servers. Select host server, right click on it and select Properties.
Placement tab defines location for storing virtual machines, remote tab configures port for remote management and on Custom tab we can define some custom information fields.
In the next part, I will show you how to create hardware profile, guest OS template and virtual machine template. Then we will create new virtual machine from the virtual machine template and place it on the host server.